Flat Belt Pulleys
Flat belt pulleys are being used in transmission devices that are driven by flat belts, typically high-speed, low-power applications in textiles, paper producing, and office machinery such as computer printers. Toned belts are as well used for conveyors. Compared to plied belts of equal horsepower, flat belts are thinner by 25% or more, which allows flat belt pulleys to end up being smaller than V-belt pulleys. Smooth belts are as well less costly than belts found in a serpentine belt pulley. One safety point is usually that in overtorque scenarios, the belt can slide, protecting against damage to equipment other than the belt itself. Toned belts require smooth pulleys and toned pulley idlers. They do not necessarily require grooved smooth belt pulleys. A set pulley idler can even be applied for the back side of a conventional V-belt. Flat belt drive pulleys apply motive power to the belt.
Features
Smooth belt pulleys and flat belt idler pulleys can have a molded crown, which helps to centre the belt, prevents rubbing against the outside flanges, and provides support under the middle of the belt, where there is the most stress. The crown likewise helps to keep the belt on the toned belt pulley (belts tend to proceed to the tightest situation). In some instances, a flat belt drive carries a tracking sleeve or other system for keeping the belt on the smooth pulley.
Specifications
Specifications for toned belt pulleys include:
· belt width
· outside diameter
· bore size
· hub diameter
· hub projection
Tension on a flat belt is usually established by adjusting the distance between pulleys to extend belts by a little amount, such as for example 2%.
Standards
Standards for toned belt pulleys will be maintained by the International Corporation for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committees 41 (pulleys and belts) and 101 (continuous mechanical handling gear). In the Countrywide Electrical Producers Association (NEMA) publication, Motors and Generators (MG 1), Section 14.7 mentions smooth belt pulleys.
Flat Belts Information

Flat belts are suitable for light-duty power transmission and high-functionality conveying. They are best-suitable for applications with smaller pulleys and huge central distances. Toned belts can connect outside and inside pulleys and can come in both unlimited and jointed construction. They have a higher power transmission efficiency, are cost effective, and are easy to use and install.
Operation
The small bending cross-section of the smooth belt causes bit of bending loss. The frictional engagement on the pulley outer surface requires only a small cross-section and makes toned belts very flexible, leading to negligible energy loss. A flat belt does not require grooves, reducing the strength loss and put on from the belt wedging in and pulling out from the grooves.
Additional benefits of flat belts include energy financial savings, an extended service life of belts and pulleys, less down-time and great productivity, and low noise generation from a even belt operation. Smooth belts could be installed easily and securely. Belts are tensioned to the calculated primary tension by way of straightforward calculating marks to be employed to the belt. You will find a constant tension on the belt therefore the belt will not have to be re-tensioned.
A disadvantage of toned belts is their reliance about belt tension to produce frictional grip over pulleys. This high belt stress necessary to transmit power sometimes shortens bearing life. Another drawback is their inability to track properly given that they have a tendency to climb towards the higher part of the pulley, which explains why V-belts > have grown in reputation. A V-belt is a simple belt for power transmitting. They are generally endless in engineering and their cross-section condition is trapezoidal, supplying it the name V-belt. The V condition of the belt tracks in a mating groove in the pulley to ensure that the belt cannot slip off.
Construction
Three common designs of flat belts include:
Fabric ply belts consist of many plies or layers that are made of cotton or synthetic fiber, with or without rubber impregnation. The amount of plies determines the belt thickness that can help determine the bare minimum pulley diameter for the drive.
Cloth cord belts are constructed of multiple cords made from cotton or synthetic fibers such as for example rayon, nylon, plastic, or Kevlar. They will be incased in rubber and covered with a fabric/runner covering. This kind is normally classed as a heavy-duty smooth belt, used for large speeds, small pulley diameters, and shock loads. Steel cables can also be used as they have higher capacity and lower extend than textile cord flat belts.
Synthetic toned belts are manufactured from nylon. Nylon presents flexibility, extremely great tensile strength, and operates effectively at high rim speeds. The belts happen to be thin and they may consist of several plies of slim nylon bonded with each other to form a tough but flexible flat belt.
Smooth belts generally have a traction layer made of oriented polyamide with two covers of elastomer leather or textile materials and one intermediate layer of fabric on each area. The traction coating absorbs the forces exerted on the belt when electrical power can be transmitted. The friction cover means that the peripheral force functioning on the belt pulleys is transmitted to the belt and vice-versa.
Specifications
Specifications that are essential to consider include: belt type, belt width, and initial elongation. If these factors alter, the belt must be recalculated.
Power transmission belt material types include polyester, aramide, and polyamide.
Polyester is the most common material due to it price-to-value ratio. It gives a versatile belt that can be used in a variety of operating temperature ranges with low energy intake, high flexibility, and efficient performance.
Aramide is a solid choice for lengthy belts because of the brief take-up and high reliability for number of revolutions (RPM) and belt speed. It really is highly flexible, easy to join, includes a high E-modulus, and low energy consumption.
Polyamide is reliable and includes a long service your life. It could work in various conditions and functions well in extreme environments with intermittent overload and substantial temps. Polyamide is shock tolerant and grooves enable high grip.
Belt width is simply the width of the belt. The tensile pressure for 1% elongation per product of width after running-in (N/mm), k1% a.r.i., is the decisive value for calculating the required belt width and the resulting shaft load after belt relaxation
Correct and adequate initial elongation is definitely a pre-requisite for trouble-free operation of power transmission toned belts. The calculated initial elongation (ε0) should be observed. In devices with a tensioning pulley, the pulley is positioned on the slack part and pushes the belt to supply the required initial elongation. In systems with out a tensioning device the mandatory initial elongation is determined by reducing the space of the shortened belt length, which may be the fabrication length. Always use the calculated original elongation supplied by the manufacture when setting up a belt.
When selecting a belt drive it is necessary to consider the speeds of and power transmitted between drive and driven unit, suitable distance among shafts, and appropriate operating conditions.
The equation for power is:
Electrical power (kw) = (torque in newton-meters) x (rpm) x (2∏ radians)/(60 sec x 1000W)
Applications
The power transmission flat belt can be utilized in many kinds of power transmission. It really is known as a two pulley drive, consisting of a generating pulley, a influenced pulley, and the belt. Here are types of pulley design variations.
Flat belts may be customized for a variety of applications. Such configurations involve an incline to transport product to some other level. Flat belts may also have a tracking sleeve beneath the system to make certain that the belt will not slide, or that the coefficient of friction could be adjusted to prevent slippage.
Usual applications include conveyors, compressors, machine tools, and various other heavy industrial equipment.
Standards
Flat belts must stick to certain standards and technical specs to make sure proper design and operation. JIS B 1852is usually important for pulleys for flat tranny belts and ISO 22 is used to identify sizes and tolerances for smooth tranny belts and corresponding pulleys.